Commercial waste from manufacturing activities are composed of undesired by-products, such as acids, sawdust, and scrap metals. In general, manufacturing activities are classified as “dirty businesses.” As a matter of fact, 7.6 billion metric tons of commercial waste from manufacturing activities are generated in the United States each year. Unfortunately, most of these waste finds themselves in landfills.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), hazardous waste from manufacturing activities that are not managed and treated safely pose a serious problem to the environment and to our health. Properly handling commercial waste from manufacturing activities must entail waste minimisation, proper storage, waste transport, and disposal. In addition, it should include recycling, treatment, and waste prevention. You can check this site out for services concerning your commercial waste.
How to Handle Commercial Waste from Manufacturing Activities
In properly handling commercial waste from manufacturing activities, businesses must first classify the generated waste into four categories. These are solid waste, hazardous waste, chemical waste, and sludge. Depending on the regulatory requirements and guidelines in your state, the waste streams should also be grouped based on its contents, source, mode of transport, storage, and disposal.
The proper practice in commercial waste management follows a certain hierarchy. At the top are the four R’s — Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, and Recover — followed by treatment and disposal. The four R’s are important as these present ways on how to lessen commercial waste from manufacturing activities, and at the same time how to make the most of them. For instance, Forbes reported that General Motors makes at least $1 billion each year by recycling their waste. As per the report, GM sells their scrap metals instead of dumping 2.5 million metric tons of commercial waste in landfills.
Management of Commercial Waste from Manufacturing Activities
Commercial waste from manufacturing activities can be managed through source reduction. In here, the equipment, technology, processes, and procedures are modified to reduce the raw materials; thereby, producing less waste.
This involves reusing the raw materials or undesired by-products in other means. For instance, reusing chemical containers and oily rags. Refurbishing old equipment instead of buying new ones is also encouraged.
- Recyling and Recovery
Recycling and recovery include conversion of the generated waste into something useful and/or extraction of materials from the waste. Examples are recycling scrap metals and using cleaned drill cuttings as materials for road construction.
Commercial waste from manufacturing activities can be treated using biological, thermal, chemical, and physical methods. In here, the residues from manufacturing processes are destroyed, detoxified, or neutralised into less harmful substances.
The commonly used methods of disposal of commercial waste from manufacturing activities are injection, landfills, discharge to water or land, and collection by government accredited waste management services.